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What is the purpose of micro silica?

Mar. 26, 2024
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**What is the purpose of micro silica?**.

Micro silica, also known as silica fume, is a byproduct of producing silicon metal or ferrosilicon alloys. It is a highly reactive pozzolan material that is used in various construction applications to enhance the properties of concrete. Despite being a byproduct, micro silica serves a crucial purpose in improving the performance and durability of concrete structures. In this article, we will explore the purpose of micro silica and why it is an essential component in modern construction practices.

**Enhancing strength and durability**.

What is the purpose of micro silica?

One of the primary purposes of micro silica in concrete is to enhance its strength and durability. When micro silica is added to concrete mixtures, it reacts with the calcium hydroxide present in the cement paste to form additional calcium silicate hydrates (C-S-H) gel. This gel fills in the pores in the concrete matrix, making it denser and less permeable to water and other harmful substances.

By reducing the porosity of concrete, micro silica helps to increase the compressive strength of the material. This makes it particularly useful in applications where high-strength concrete is required, such as in the construction of bridges, high-rise buildings, and marine structures that are exposed to harsh environmental conditions.

**Improving workability and pumpability**.

In addition to enhancing strength and durability, micro silica also improves the workability and pumpability of concrete mixtures. Due to its extremely fine particle size (typically less than 1 micron), micro silica acts as a lubricant in the concrete mix, allowing for easier placement and consolidation.

The lubricating effect of micro silica helps to reduce the friction between particles in the mix, making it more fluid and easy to pump. This is particularly beneficial in large construction projects where concrete needs to be pumped over long distances or to hard-to-reach areas, such as high-rise buildings or tunnel constructions.

**Reducing shrinkage and cracking**.

Another important purpose of micro silica in concrete is to reduce shrinkage and cracking. As concrete cures and dries, it undergoes a process called autogenous shrinkage, which can lead to the development of cracks in the hardened material. By adding micro silica to the concrete mix, the formation of C-S-H gel helps to mitigate this shrinkage by filling in the empty spaces left behind as water evaporates.

This reduction in shrinkage not only improves the durability of concrete structures but also helps to minimize the risk of cracking, which can compromise the integrity of the construction. This is especially crucial in projects where long-term durability and performance are key factors, such as in infrastructure projects or industrial facilities.


In conclusion, micro silica plays a vital role in improving the performance and durability of concrete structures. By enhancing strength, workability, pumpability, and reducing shrinkage and cracking, micro silica helps to create high-quality, long-lasting concrete that meets the demands of modern construction practices. Its unique properties and benefits make it an essential material for a wide range of applications in the construction industry.

If you have any questions or would like to learn more about the benefits of micro silica in concrete construction, please don't hesitate to contact us.

Are you interested in learning more about Microsilica in Metal Wear-Resistant Floor, 94% Densified Silica Fume, 85% Densified Silica Fume? Contact us today to secure an expert consultation!



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